Playing video games for more than 3 hours a day is associated with shoulder and elbow pain in elite young male baseball players
Background: The effect of lifestyle factors on elbow or shoulder pain in young baseball players remains unclear. This study examined the association of game playing and television viewing with elbow or shoulder pain among elite young baseball players.
Methods: Study participants were young baseball players (age, 9-12 years) who participated in the National Junior Sports Clubs Baseball Festival in 2017. The national tournament invited 16 teams (totaling 210 players) selected based on the results of the regional qualifying tournaments. Self-reported questionnaires were mailed to all players before the tournament. Multiple logistic regression analyses were used to assess the association of video game playing and television viewing behavior with elbow or shoulder pain.
Results: Among the 210 players polled, 200 male players were included in the analysis. The prevalence of elbow or shoulder pain was 30.0%. Playing video games for 3 hours or more per day was signiﬁcantly associated with elbow or shoulder pain vs. spending less than 1 hour/day playing video games (odds ratio, 5.59; 95% conﬁdence interval, 1.44-21.64; P = .013). The amount of time spent watching television was not signiﬁcantly associated with the prevalence of elbow or shoulder pain.
Conclusions: Playing video games for 3 hours or more per day was associated with elbow or shoulder pain among elite young male baseball players. These ﬁndings highlight the effect of lifestyle on elbow and shoulder pain and should be taken into consideration by players, coaches, parents, and clinicians for the prevention of elbow and shoulder pain.