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A review of workload-monitoring considerations for baseball pitchers.  J Athletic Training. 55(9): 911-917, 2020. Because of the unique demands of pitching, baseball players have the greatest percentage of injuries resulting in surgery among high school athletes, with a majority of these injuries affecting the...

Influence of baseball training load on clinical reach tests and grip strength in collegiate baseball players.  J Athletic Training. 55(9): 1-10, 2020. Context: A baseball-specific training load may influence strength or glenohumeral range of motion, which are related to baseball injuries. Glenohumeral reach tests and...

Caffeine for Athletic Performance: Sources, Doses, Timing and Expected Effects By: Lawrence L. Spriet, Ph.D. Introduction and Background. Caffeine is the world’s most consumed drug. It has a role in many social activities and improves quality of life by helping individuals feel better, have more energy and complete...

Players’ perspectives on successfully returning to professional baseball after medial ulnar collateral ligament reconstruction.  J Shoulder and Elbow Surgery. Ahead of Print: 1-25, 2020. Background: As the incidence of ulnar collateral ligament reconstruction (UCLR) surgery continues to rise, an improved...

Mechanical properties of upper torso rotation from the viewpoint of energetics during baseball pitching.  European J Sport Science.  Ahead of Print: 1-9, 2020. This study aims to examine if upper torso rotation is caused mainly by pelvis rotation during baseball pitching from the viewpoint of energetics. Twelve...

Knee kinetics in baseball hitting and return to play after ACL reconstruction.  International J Sports Med. Ahead of Print: 1-6, 2020. The purpose of this study was to describe the knee kinetics of baseball hitting, develop a tool to predict knee kinetics from easily obtainable measures, and to compare knee kinetics...

Kinematic sequence patterns in the overhead baseball pitch.  Sports Biomechanics.  Ahead of Print: 1-19, 2020. Conceptually, an efficient baseball pitch demonstrates a proximal to-distal transfer of segmental angular velocity. Such a timing pattern (or kinematic sequence) reduces stress on musculoskeletal structures...

Plank Exercise: Types, Progressions and Duration By Jose Vazquez, PT, RSCC and Gene Coleman, Ed. D., RSCC*E The plank is a principle exercise in most strength and conditioning coaches tool boxes. Designed primarily to resist extension and enhance core stability, planks are efficient, effective, can be performed...

Current trends and impact of early sports specialization in the throwing athlete.  Orthopedic Clinics in North America. 51: 517-525, 2020. Organized youth athletics in the United States has increased greatly in both participation and level of competition over the past several decades. This shift has morphed what was...